Drums & Percussion Of Ancient Mexico
TEAM MAGNETRiXX | 20 September 2014 | 581 MB
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Teponaztli Log Drum & HueHuetl Drum- Aztec drums. The Teponaztli log drum and HueHuetl skin drums were the main percussion instruments of the pre-columbian Aztecs. Smaller Huehuetl was originally hung from the shoulder and brought into battle, and struck with the hand. Larger one’s were used in ceremonies including human sacrifices; often with the teponaztli. After the Spanish conquered Mexico, legend has it that the huehuetl was outlawed by the Spanish, who feared the battle drums — punishment was cutting off of the offending hand. Years later, when the drum was allowed again, the legend continues, players struck them with sticks, in memory of those who lost hands in the past.
– Pandeiro Hits And Shakes – live sounding tambourine also used elsewhere in Latin America–hits, shakes, and rubbed.
– Ayacaxtle and Ayoyotes Rattles – Aztec husk rattles or shakers.
– Maracas and gourd rattles – big and small.
– Guiro – gourd scraper.
– Claves – Wooden clackers.
Mexican Friction Drum – from the heavily African influenced Costa Chica region in Oaxaca and Guerrero comes a friction drum made of a calabash and a head of male goat skin, with a string which can be rubbed, pulled, or popped, making a variety of wild sounds. The friction drum has been used in Mexico back to Mayan times, but whether the ancestry of the drum in Mexico is directly Mayan, or whether it’s African in origin (Yoruba) is debated by experts to this day. Either way, the Mexican drum is quite different than either the Brazilian Cuica or the Venezuelan Ferruco, although producing some sounds like those, and like the Cuica it may once have been used for calling or imitating the sound of the jaguar-interestingly, in Africa they used a much bigger friction drum to imitate lions.
– Mexican Hand Bells – copper metal and clay hand bells have been used in Mexico back to pre-hispanic times.
– Cántaro (Jug) A hand made clay water jug/ instrument from Tuxtla, Chiapas that is hit with the hand or with a handkerchief on the opening to get diverse percussion effects. Here we strike it with different water levels in the jug to get different pitches, and some splash sounds.
– Tamboril requinto — small traditional hand drum from Jalisco. Often used to accompany flute.
– Tamborin – Not a tambourine, but a small spinning drum that has beads attached by beads, so that when you spin it the beads strike the drum heads very fast.
– Raramuri or Tarahumari Indian Shamanic Frame Drum: Large ceremonial frame drum used by the religious leaders or Shaman of the so called ‘running indians’ of the Copper Canyon. Sometimes used to accompany the peyote ritual.
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